Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.
Did non Mormons use the Mormon Trail?
Although the Mormons, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, did not actually blaze the trail and did not travel it exclusively, their improvements and extensive use permanently affixed their name to it.
What physical features did the Oregon and Mormon Trail follow?
The Oregon, Mormon Pioneer and California trails all cross Wyoming in the central and most popular corridor of this migration. The trails followed the North Platte and Sweetwater rivers west to South Pass, after which they divided into various routes bound for Oregon, Utah or California.
Was the Mormon Trail successful?
The whole Mormon trail movement that spanned 20 years was a really successful endeavor.” Bashore and Tolley analyzed 56,000 records of pioneers who traveled to Salt Lake City between 1847 and 1868. … Handcart pioneers died at a rate of 4.7 percent, compared to a 3.5 percent mortality rate for pioneers with wagons.
What were some struggles on the Mormon Trail?
The journey along the Mormon Trail (as it later became known) was treacherous, and many pioneers were met with disaster. Rattlesnakes, blizzards, confrontations with Native Americans, and starvation were just a few of the challenges they faced.
Why did the Mormons go on the Mormon Trail?
They chose to travel on the north side of the Platte River in order to avoid competition for forage and food with the emigrants on the Oregon Trail across the river. They met and talked with several mountain men along the trail who gave them varying opinions about the prospect of settling in the Salt Lake Valley.
What did Mormon pioneers eat on the trail?
The typical pioneer diet consisted of corn-meal mush, white or navy beans, salt-rising bread, dried fruit (if they had it), and any meat they may get along the trail. Things that packed well like flour or beans were the staples.
What was life like on the Mormon Trail?
It sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-47. It was a safe place in the wilderness for people who were fleeing from vengeful mobs. Unfortunately, they lived in log cabins, sod houses, and dugouts without enough food and supplies.
How many miles did the Mormon pioneers walk each day?
They could make 25 to 30 miles per day (wagons traveled only 10 to 15 miles per day on average). As the Mormons were preparing to go west, they were approached by the United States government for help in the war against Mexico.
What hardships did the Mormon pioneers face?
All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion.
Why did the Mormons face persecution?
The Mormons were persecuted for several reasons: They didn’t keep slaves, which was seen as a threat to the surrounding slave-owning culture at a time when the abolition of slavery was a big issue. Their doctrine of plural marriage was seen as a serious attack on the social and ethical rules of the period.