What direction do most churches face?

Within church architecture, orientation is an arrangement by which the point of main interest in the interior is towards the east (Latin: oriens). The east end is where the altar is placed, often within an apse. The façade and main entrance are accordingly at the west end.

Why do cathedrals face east?

In the catholic liturgy, it describes an eastward orientation of celebrating Mass, according to the “cosmic sign of the rising sun which symbolizes the universality of God.” [1,2] It is interesting to note that the earliest churches in Rome had the main entrance facing east and an apse with the altar to the west; the …

Why are churches facing east?

Syriac and Arabic Christian apologetics of the 7th century explained that Christians prayed facing east because “the Garden of Eden was planted in the east (Genesis 2:8) and that at the end of time, at the second coming, the Messiah would approach Jerusalem from the east.” Saint John of Damascus taught that believers …

Why are some churches cruciform shape?

Traditionally, Roman Catholic churches were built in the shape of a cross – cruciform – or a rectangle. However, many of the newer ones are circular. This is to stress the equality of all people as they worship in God’s house.

Which direction should altar face?

The wall where you place it must be oriented towards North or East direction. So, it will make you face that direction every time you sit in front of it to pray or meditate. Almost all temples and churches are oriented towards North or East directions.

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Why do altars face east?

This is why in nearly every place and for almost all of Christian history, the priest has stood with his people on the same side of the altar so that, together facing the East of the sacred liturgy, they could offer the pleasing sacrifice of their lives (cf. Romans 12.1) while pleading the sacrifice of Christ.

Why do Greek Orthodox churches face east?

Orthodox churches are built so that the sanctuary (the area behind the iconostasis) is at the east end of the church meaning that priest and people face east during worship. We all face in the same direction because we are all members of the Body of Christ (cf. 1 Cor. 12:27) and worship together.