On March 1, 1846, some 500 Mormon wagons lurched northwesterly across the winter-bare Iowa prairie toward the Missouri River. Their route is the Mormon Trail.
When did the Mormon Trail stop being used?
The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60.
|Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail|
|Established||November 10, 1846|
Did non Mormons use the Mormon Trail?
Although the Mormons, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, did not actually blaze the trail and did not travel it exclusively, their improvements and extensive use permanently affixed their name to it.
What was life like on the Mormon Trail?
It sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-47. It was a safe place in the wilderness for people who were fleeing from vengeful mobs. Unfortunately, they lived in log cabins, sod houses, and dugouts without enough food and supplies.
What did Mormon pioneers eat on the trail?
The typical pioneer diet consisted of corn-meal mush, white or navy beans, salt-rising bread, dried fruit (if they had it), and any meat they may get along the trail. Things that packed well like flour or beans were the staples.
Which three trails began at the same place?
The Overland Trails. Exploration of the West began in the early nineteenth century with the Corp of Discovery led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. The three principle trails which crossed the West were the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California.
How many miles did the Mormon pioneers walk each day?
They could make 25 to 30 miles per day (wagons traveled only 10 to 15 miles per day on average). As the Mormons were preparing to go west, they were approached by the United States government for help in the war against Mexico.
What were the dangers of the Mormon Trail?
Disease. Emigrants feared death from a variety of causes along the trail: lack of food or water; Indian attacks; accidents, or rattlesnake bites were a few. However, the number one killer, by a wide margin, was disease. The most dangerous diseases were those spread by poor sanitary conditions and personal contact.
What were some struggles on the Mormon Trail?
The journey along the Mormon Trail (as it later became known) was treacherous, and many pioneers were met with disaster. Rattlesnakes, blizzards, confrontations with Native Americans, and starvation were just a few of the challenges they faced.