Roman Catholicism also holds that Jesus established his disciple St. Peter as the first pope of the nascent church (Matthew 16:18). Centuries of tradition, theological debates, and the wiles of history have shaped Roman Catholicism into what it is today.
When did the Catholic Church begin?
What is the first church in the Bible?
Tradition holds that the first Gentile church was founded in Antioch, Acts 11:20–21, where it is recorded that the disciples of Jesus Christ were first called Christians (Acts 11:26). It was from Antioch that St. Paul started on his missionary journeys.
What did Jesus say about building his church?
Jesus pronounced a blessing upon Peter and proclaimed Peter’s answer as having been derived by divine inspiration. He then stated, “And I say also unto thee, Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it” (Matt. 16:18).
Who were the first leaders of the Church?
Though we have a lot of variations of leadership in churches today, there were really only three main leadership roles in the early church: apostles, elders, and deacons.
Who is the rock in the Bible?
Moses spoke of the God of Israel as a Rock: “Ascribe ye greatness unto our God. He is the Rock, his work is perfect, … a God of truth and without iniquity.” (Deut. 32:3–4.) David wrote, “the Lord is my rock, and my fortress, … my shield, … my high tower.” (2 Sam.
Is Catholic Church the first church in the world?
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. It can trace its history back almost 2000 years. … Catholics believe that the Pope, based in Rome, is the successor to Saint Peter whom Christ appointed as the first head of His church.
What came first Christianity or Catholicism?
By its own reading of history, Roman Catholicism originated with the very beginnings of Christianity. An essential component of the definition of any one of the other branches of Christendom, moreover, is its relation to Roman Catholicism: How did Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism come into schism?