Freud not only tries to explain the origin and persistence of faith in individuals but in his 1913 book, Totem and Taboo; he even developed a speculative story about how all monotheist religions originated and developed (“Theories of Religion”, http:/en.wikipedia.org/wki, retrieved November 22, 2008, 7.10 p.m.).
Who has given first theory on the origin of religion?
1) Freud applies the idea of Oedipus complex to the origin of religion. He supposes that the primitive times human beings lived in small groups, each under the domination of a father who possessed all the females.
Theories of Religion: Emile Durkheim and Max Weber.
Which theory is based on religion?
Durkheim’s theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. According to Durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general.
Why is Hinduism called an ethical religion?
Ethics is called Nitisastra (Sanskrit: नीतिशास्त्र) in ancient texts of Hinduism. … Virtue, right conduct, ethics and morality are part of the complex concept Hindus call Dharma – everything that is essential for people, the world and nature to exist and prosper together, in harmony. As P.V.
Which religion is best in the world?
The most popular religion is Christianity, followed by an estimated 33% of people, and Islam, which is practiced by over 24% of people. Other religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism.
Where did religion came from?
Why religions became global
|Faith||Approximate start date||Place of origin|
|Hinduism||c. 2000 BCE||Northern India|
|Judaism||c. 2000 BCE||Middle East|
|Buddhism||c. 500 BCE||Northern India|
|Confucianism||c. 500 BCE||Northern China|
Which religion came second in the world?
The second most widely practiced religion is Islam, with an estimated 1.8 billion followers worldwide. It started in Mecca (a city in modern-day Saudi Arabia) in the 7th century CE and was spread by the Prophet Muhammad (570–632 CE), who followers of Islam believe to be God’s ultimate prophet.
What does Marx say about religion?
Marx’s actual words regarding religion deserve reflection. My best translation of those words is as follows: “Religion is the opium of the people. It is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of our soulless conditions.”
What is the functionalist view on religion?
Functionalists argue that religion is a conservative force and that this is a positive function for society and for individuals. Religion helps to create social order and maintains the value consensus.
What are the 5 characteristics of religion?
What are the characteristics of religion?
- Belief in Supernatural Beings.
- Sacred vs Profane Objects, Places, Times.
- Ritual Acts Focused on Sacred Objects, Places, Times.
- Moral Code With Supernatural Origins.
- Characteristically Religious Feelings.
- Prayer and Other Forms of Communication.