Five hundred years ago, on Oct. 31, 1517, the small-town monk Martin Luther marched up to the castle church in Wittenberg and nailed his 95 Theses to the door, thus lighting the flame of the Reformation — the split between the Catholic and Protestant churches.
Which church did Luther post his list of complaints?
On Oct. 31, 1517, Martin Luther nailed a list of grievances against the Catholic Church onto the door of a chapel in Wittenberg, Germany; his “Ninety-five Theses” became the catalyst for the Protestant Reformation.
What was Martin Luther’s main complaint against the church?
The 95 Theses. Committed to the idea that salvation could be reached through faith and by divine grace only, Luther vigorously objected to the corrupt practice of selling indulgences.
Did Martin Luther actually post the 95 Theses?
In 1961, Erwin Iserloh, a Catholic Luther researcher, argued that there was no evidence that Luther actually nailed his 95 Theses to the Castle Church door. Indeed, at the 1617 celebration of the Reformation, Luther was depicted as writing the 95 Theses on the church door with a quill.
What does the 95 Theses say?
Martin Luther posts 95 theses
In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins.
Why did the Christians call for Church reform?
Why did many Christians call for Church reform? There was so much corruption and abuse in the church that people needed a change. … To finance such projects, the church increased fees for services such as marriages and baptisms. Some clergy also promoted the sale of indulgences.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the 95 Theses?
The Church responded by labeling Luther a heretic, forbidding the reading or publication of his 95 Theses, and threatening Luther with excommunication. Luther refused to recant his beliefs.
Why do Protestants not believe in purgatory?
Protestants do not believe in Purgatory. Some Protestants believe there is no such place as Hell, only levels of Heaven. Some Evangelical Protestants believe in the resurrection of the body and the idea that everyone will be raised on the Day of Judgement to be judged by God.
What were Martin Luther’s main objections to the Catholic Church?
Both Luther and King Jr. publicly protested the exploitation of the poor. Luther’s objections to the Catholic Church’s teachings on justification (how people are saved) came to a head over indulgences. At the time, indulgences could be purchased to grant remission of penalties for sins.
What did the first Protestants protest against?
What did the first Protestants protest against? They protested against abuse of authority and corruption in the catholic church. … He nailed a list of arguments against abuses by the church, which became known as the 95 theses. How did the printing press contribute to the reformation?
Why was Martin Luther excommunicated?
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.